International Journal of Nanomedicine (2020-07-01)

Comprehensive Analysis of SiNPs on the Genome-Wide Transcriptional Changes in Caenorhabditis elegans

  • Liang S,
  • Duan J,
  • Hu H,
  • Zhang J,
  • Gao S,
  • Jing H,
  • Li G,
  • Sun Z

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 15
pp. 5227 – 5237

Abstract

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Shuang Liang,1,2,* Junchao Duan,1,2,* Hejing Hu,1,2 Jingyi Zhang,1,2 Shan Gao,2,3 Haiming Jing,2,3 Guojun Li,2,3 Zhiwei Sun1,2 1Department of Toxicology and Sanitary Chemistry, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, People’s Republic of China; 2Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, People’s Republic of China; 3Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control/Beijing Center of Preventive Medicine Research, Beijing 100013, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Zhiwei SunSchool of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, People’s Republic of ChinaEmail [email protected] LiBeijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control/Beijing Center of Preventive Medicine Research, Beijing 100013, People’s Republic of ChinaEmail [email protected]: Large-scale production and application of amorphous silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) have enhanced the risk of human exposure to SiNPs. However, the toxic effects and the underlying biological mechanisms of SiNPs on Caenorhabditis elegans remain largely unclear.Purpose: This study was to investigate the genome-wide transcriptional alteration of SiNPs on C. elegans.Methods and Results: In this study, a total number of 3105 differentially expressed genes were identified in C. elegans. Among them, 1398 genes were significantly upregulated and 1707 genes were notably downregulated in C. elegans. Gene ontology analysis revealed that the significant change of gene functional categories triggered by SiNPs was focused on locomotion, determination of adult lifespan, reproduction, body morphogenesis, multicellular organism development, endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response, oocyte development, and nematode larval development. Meanwhile, we explored the regulated effects between microRNA and genes or signaling pathways. Pathway enrichment analysis and miRNA-gene-pathway-network displayed that 23 differential expression microRNA including cel-miR-85-3p, cel-miR-793, cel-miR-241-5p, and cel-miR-5549-5p could regulate the longevity-related pathways and inflammation signaling pathways, etc. Additionally, our data confirmed that SiNPs could disrupt the locomotion behavior and reduce the longevity by activating ins-7, daf-16, ftt-2, fat-5, and rho-1 genes in C. elegans.Conclusion: Our study showed that SiNPs induced the change of the whole transcriptome in C. elegans, and triggered negative effects on longevity, development, reproduction, and body morphogenesis. These data provide abundant clues to understand the molecular mechanisms of SiNPs in C. elegans.Keywords: SiNPs, genome microarrays, longevity, development, Caenorhabditis elegans

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