Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (Oct 2019)

Square Biphasic Pulse Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease: The BiP-PD Study

  • Sol De Jesus,
  • Sol De Jesus,
  • Michael S. Okun,
  • Kelly D. Foote,
  • Daniel Martinez-Ramirez,
  • Daniel Martinez-Ramirez,
  • Jaimie A. Roper,
  • Chris J. Hass,
  • Leili Shahgholi,
  • Umer Akbar,
  • Aparna Wagle Shukla,
  • Robert S. Raike,
  • Leonardo Almeida

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 13


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BackgroundConventional Parkinson’s disease (PD) deep brain stimulation (DBS) utilizes a pulse with an active phase and a passive charge-balancing phase. A pulse-shaping strategy that eliminates the passive phase may be a promising approach to addressing movement disorders.ObjectivesThe current study assessed the safety and tolerability of square biphasic pulse shaping (sqBIP) DBS for use in PD.MethodsThis small pilot safety and tolerability study compared sqBiP versus conventional DBS. Nine were enrolled. The safety and tolerability were assessed over a 3-h period on sqBiP. Friedman’s test compared blinded assessments at baseline, washout, and 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, and 3 h post sqBIP.ResultsBiphasic pulses were safe and well tolerated by all participants. SqBiP performed as well as conventional DBS without significant differences in motor scores nor accelerometer or gait measures.ConclusionBiphasic pulses were well-tolerated and provided similar benefit to conventional DBS. Further studies should address effectiveness of sqBIP in select PD patients.