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Specificity of Multiculturalism in Switzerland

Technium Social Sciences Journal. 2020;2(1)

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Technium Social Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2668-7798 (Online)

Publisher: Technium Science

LCC Subject Category: Social Sciences: Social sciences (General)

Country of publisher: Romania

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Miroslaw Matyja (Logos International University / USA; Polish University Abroad in London; Selinus University in Bologna/Italy; Indian Management School and Research Centre in Mumbai/India)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 2 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Switzerland consists of different regions, cultures and languages. The minorities in Switzerland are in the first place ethno-linguistic minorities, whose are unified by a common language. Therefore, since the foundation of the Confederation in 1848 the Helvetic state has been considered a multilingual country. The confederation and cantons are obliged to protect linguistic minorities. The grounds of the Swiss social structure, with traditional multiculturalism and four national languages are two principles: language freedom (Sprachenfreiheit) and territoriality (Territorialit├Ątsprinzip). Switzerland has no official state religion. Predominant religion is Christianity, the largest religious minorities is established by Islam. The largest Christian denominations are Catholic Church (37.7%) and Swiss Reformed Church (25.5%). The influx of new cultural minorities to Switzerland began after the Second World War and was directly connected with economic migration, with the large influx of gastarbeiters from southern European countries and refugees from the Third World and from the former Yugoslavia.International law includes the protection of national, yet not cultural minorities. In Switzerland the protection of national minorities is also based on international standards.