Short-term memory and sign languages : sign span and its linguistic implications

Linguística : Revista de Estudos Linguísticos da Universidade do Porto. 2016;11(a11):59-89

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Linguística : Revista de Estudos Linguísticos da Universidade do Porto

ISSN: 1646-6195 (Print); 2182-9713 (Online)

Publisher: Universidade do Porto

LCC Subject Category: Language and Literature: Philology. Linguistics: Language. Linguistic theory. Comparative grammar

Country of publisher: Portugal

Language of fulltext: Portuguese

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Carlo Cecchetto
Beatrice Giustolisi
Lara Mantovan

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 30 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

In this paper we discuss two distinct, although related questions. The first question is what explains the well-known fact that short-term memory (span) is lower for signs than for words. We review some explanations that have been proposed for this fact at the light of the results of a novel experiment involving gating of signs. The second question is how signers can process fully-fledged grammatical systems like sign languages even if they rely on a limited short-term memory. In order to deal with this issue, we discuss the distribution in sign languages of the configuration that is most challenging for short-term memory, namely center embedding. The conclusion is that center embedding is possible only if special strategies based on the use of space are used that are likely to reduce the short-term memory burden.