mSystems (Jun 2021)

Evolution of VIM-1-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates from a Hospital Outbreak Reveals the Genetic Bases of the Loss of the Urease-Positive Identification Character

  • Nicolas Cabanel,
  • Isabelle Rosinski-Chupin,
  • Adriana Chiarelli,
  • Tatiana Botin,
  • Marta Tato,
  • Rafael Canton,
  • Philippe Glaser

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 6, no. 3


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Evolution of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens occurs at multiple scales, in the patient, locally in the hospital, or more globally. Some mutations or gene acquisitions, for instance in response to antibiotic treatment, may be restricted to a single patient due to their high fitness cost.