Journal of Clinical Medicine (2020-02-01)

Sex-Sparing Robot-Assisted Radical Cystectomy with Intracorporeal Padua Ileal Neobladder in Female: Surgical Technique, Perioperative, Oncologic and Functional Outcomes

  • Gabriele Tuderti,
  • Riccardo Mastroianni,
  • Simone Flammia,
  • Mariaconsiglia Ferriero,
  • Costantino Leonardo,
  • Umberto Anceschi,
  • Aldo Brassetti,
  • Salvatore Guaglianone,
  • Michele Gallucci,
  • Giuseppe Simone

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020577
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9, no. 2
p. 577

Abstract

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Our aim was to illustrate our technique of sex-sparing (SS)-robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) in female patients receiving an intracorporeal neobladder (iN). From January 2013 to June 2018, 11 female patients underwent SS-RARC-iN at a single tertiary referral center. Inclusion criteria were a cT ≤ 2 N0 M0 bladder tumor at baseline imaging (CT or MRI) and an absence of tumors in the bladder neck, trigone and urethra at TURB. Baseline, perioperative, and outcomes at one year were reported. The median operative time was 255 min and the median hospital stay was seven days. Low-grade Clavien complications occurred in four patients (36.3%), while high-grade complications were not observed in any. Seven patients (63.7%) had an organ-confined disease at the pathologic specimen; nodal involvement and positive surgical margins were not detected in any of the cases. At a median follow-up of 28 months (IQR 14−51), no patients developed new onset of chronic kidney disease stage 3b. After one year, daytime and nighttime continence rates were 90.9% and 86.4% respectively. Quality of life as well as physical and emotional functioning improved significantly over time (all p ≤ 0.04), while urinary symptoms and sexual function worsened at three months with a significant recovery taking place at one year (all p ≤ 0.04). Overall, 8 out of 11 patients (72.7%) were sexually active at the 12-month evaluation. In select female patients, SS-RARC-iN is an oncologically sound procedure associated with favorable perioperative and functional outcomes.

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