Scythian Barrow of the Second Half of the 5th Century BC in the Lower Dniester Region

Vestnik Volgogradskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriâ 4. Istoriâ, Regionovedenie, Meždunarodnye Otnošeniâ. 2019;24(1):6-19 DOI 10.15688/jvolsu4.2019.1.1

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Vestnik Volgogradskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriâ 4. Istoriâ, Regionovedenie, Meždunarodnye Otnošeniâ

ISSN: 1998-9938 (Print); 2312-8704 (Online)

Publisher: Volgograd State University

Society/Institution: Volgograd State University

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics | Political science: International relations

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Vitaliy S. Sinika (Scientific Laboratory “Archaeology”, Pridnestrovian State University named after T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Republic of Moldova)
Sergey D. Lysenko (Department of Archaeology of the Eneolithic and Bronze Age, Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine)
Nikolay P. Telnov (Department of Ancient and Medieval Archaeology, Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Kishinev, Republic of Moldova)
Sergey N. Razumov (Scientific Laboratory “Archaeology”, Pridnestrovian State University named after T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Republic of Moldova)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 7 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Introduction. The article publishes and analyses the materials obtained during excavations of Scythian barrow 9 of the group Vodovod near the Glinoe village, Slobodzeysk district, on the left bank of the Lower Dniester. The barrow was surrounded by a ring ditch and contained two burials of medieval nomads - the main one, the Scythian, and the secondary, the inlet one. Methods. The mound was excavated by the method of parallel trenches, leaving stratigraphic profiles. When analyzing the materials obtained, a comparatively typological method was applied. Analysis. The main burial was made in a catacomb of unusual construction. The entrance well of the catacomb was filled with stone slabs and boulders characterized with utmost accuracy of production. Despite this, in antiquity the burial was robbed three times: through the entrance well, through the roof of the funeral chamber and through the robbery mine, which went to the burial chamber from the north-eastern floor of the mound. The preserved grave goods are represented with a handmade pot, an iron knife, an iron needle and an awl, a lead finial, a stone slab, a burned pebble, a piece of mineral paint, a wooden kneader, a bronze horse harness and golden pendants. The stone slab was made very carefully, and the wooden kneader is the second such find in the North-West Black Sea region. Bronze items of horse harness have no analogues in the Scythian burial complexes of the North Black Sea region. The construction of barrow 9 of the group Vodovod dates back to the second half of the 5th century BC and is determined on the basis of gold pendants, which analogies are known only in the Malyy Chertomlyk barrow in the Lower Dnieper region. Results.The most important is the fact that the studied barrow was found in the microzone (near the Glinoe village of the Slobodzeya district), where at the moment not only the Scythian burial sites of the 5th - 2nd centuries BC are known, but also a settlement of that time. This testifies to the continual dwelling of the Scythians on the left bank of the Lower Dniester River during this period.