Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020)

Cyber violence pattern and related factors: online survey of females in Egypt

  • Fatma Mohamed Hassan,
  • Fatma Nada Khalifa,
  • Eman D. El Desouky,
  • Marwa Rashad Salem,
  • Mona Mohamed Ali

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 10, no. 1
pp. 1 – 7


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Abstract Background and objectives Cyber violence against women and girls is an emerging worldwide problem with a grave impact on individuals and societies. This study aimed to assess the problem of cyber violence against women among the Egyptian population. Methods A convenience sampling method was used to recruit a total of 356 females. A self-completion questionnaire was distributed through one of the social media applications. Results About 41.6% of the participants experienced cyber violence during the last year, and 45.3% of them reported multiple times of exposure. Social media was the most common way of exposure, and the offenders were unknown for 92.6% of the victims. The most commonly reported forms included 41.2% receiving images or symbols with sexual content, 26.4% receiving insulting e-mails or messages, 25.7% receiving offensive or humiliating posts or comments, 21.6% receiving indecent or violent images that demean women, and 20.3% receiving infected files through e-mails. The majority of the victims (76.9%) experienced psychological effects in the form of anger, worry, and fear; 13.6 % social effects; 4.1% exposed to physical harm; and 2.0% reported financial losses. Blocking the offender was the most common victims’ response. Conclusion Females in the Egyptian population are highly exposed to cyber violence, so implementation of anti-cyber violence program is essential to counteract this phenomenon.