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Iran Penal Law on Sacrilege in the Name of Freedom of Expression

Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2017;6(1):378-391 DOI 10.7596/taksad.v6i1.790


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Journal Title: Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Dergisi

ISSN: 2147-0626 (Online)

Publisher: Karabuk University

LCC Subject Category: General Works: History of scholarship and learning. The humanities | Social Sciences: Social sciences (General)

Country of publisher: Turkey

Language of fulltext: Turkish, French, Arabic, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Ali Reza Sayebani

Mohammad Javad Pezeshki


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Freedom of expression is a fundamental human right that is closely related with social progress   and   human   sublimation.   However, it   is   among   the   rights   which   are   of   an optional   nature   besides   being   a   social   right.   Thus, based   on   the   above-mentioned characteristics, its full implementation is encountered with a number of limitations and conditions   including   observation   of   the   rights   of   one's   fellowmen, prohibition   of trespassing against one's honor or social order and so on and so forth. Sacrilege is one of the most indecent offending behaviors that have been described as a crime in Iran’s penal code of law. This crime is of public effect and is counted among religious crimes and it has been considered as a crime in support of religion as one of the most important values governing the societies. Sacrilege is one of those crimes which are seriously prosecuted by religious states whose beliefs are insulted. This tough stance has its origin also in the fact that man by his nature does not tolerate a certain set of actions including the act of treating a one's sacred beliefs without respect. As a result, this crime is seriously punished by religiously oriented governments. Since Iran is a religious state, if someone insults the religious and Islamic beliefs the government shall sue him. Various aspects of sacrilege as a crime, the boundaries of freedom of expression and the assessment of press law in the light   of freedom of expression are   among the   issues which have been dealt   with in present article.