Community, Identity and the Redemption of Captives: Comparative perspectives across the Mediterranean

Anuario de Estudios Medievales. 2006;36(1):241-252

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Anuario de Estudios Medievales

ISSN: 0066-5061 (Print); 1988-4230 (Online)

Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History (General): Medieval history

Country of publisher: Spain

Language of fulltext: Portuguese, French, Catalan; Valencian, English, Italian, Spanish; Castilian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

William Brodman, James

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 48 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<font face="CGTimes" size="1"><p align="left">Yvonne Friedman, in <em><font face="CGTimes-Italic" size="1">Encounters between Enemies </font></em><font face="CGTimes" size="1">(2002), asks why charitable ransoming was more developed and successful in the medieval West than it was in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. This paper seeks to answer this question through an examination of community solidarity. Particularly important to an understanding of western European ransoming customs is the distinction between the deserving poor, who are neighbors, and itinerants and vagabonds who are not. Hispanic ransoming custom, precisely because it emerged within the context of developing municipal communities, was a reflection of this group solidarity;consequently, the caritative ransomers who followed -such as, the Mercedarians and Trinitarians- had to adjust their appeal to conform to these group prejudices. The society of the Latin East, because it was more transient and less cohesive, failed to develop such institutions of solidarity and thus dealt with captives on a more pragmatic, less compassionate basis.</font></p></font><br><br><font face="CGTimes" size="1"><p align="left">En su libro <em><font face="CGTimes-Italic" size="1">Encounters between enemies</font></em><font face="CGTimes" size="1">, Yvonne Friedman se pregunta por qué el rescate caritativo se realizó con mejor resultado en el Occidente medieval que en el reino latino de Jerusalén. Este artículo trata de buscar una respuesta a esta cuestión, examinando la solidariedad comunitaria. Para comprender los sistemas de rescate de Occidente, hay que distinguir entre los pobres vergonzantes, que eran vecinos, y los vagabundos que no merecían esta denominación. El sistema de rescate hispánico que se desarrolló en el contexto de las comunidades municipales que se estaban constituyendo, reflejaba esta solidariedad de grupo. En consecuencia, a partir del siglo XIII, los redentores caritativos (Mercedarios y Trinitarios) tuvieron que adaptarse a esta mentalidad. La sociedad del Este latino no consiguió crear estas instituciones solidarias, por ser más transitoria y menos cohesiva. Por tanto, se ocupó de los cautivos de una forma más pragmática y menos compasiva</font></p></font>