Essential Oil Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Achillea biebersteinii Afan. (Asteraceae) from Erzincan Region, Turkey

Notulae Scientia Biologicae. 2018;10(3):328-332 DOI 10.15835/nsb10310222


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Journal Title: Notulae Scientia Biologicae

ISSN: 2067-3205 (Print); 2067-3264 (Online)

Publisher: University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca

Society/Institution: Horticulture and Forestry Society from Transylvania (SHST)

LCC Subject Category: Agriculture: Agriculture (General) | Science: Science (General)

Country of publisher: Romania

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Emre SEVİNDİK (Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, South Campus, Cakmar, Aydin)
Sinem AYDIN (Giresun University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, Giresun)
Elif EREN APAYDIN (Giresun University, Center Research Laboratory Application and Research Center, Giresun)
Mustafa SÜRMEN (Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Aydin)


Double blind peer review

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Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

In the present study, chemical composition determination and in vitro antimicrobial effects of essential oil of Achillea biebersteinii plant grown under Erzincan ecological conditions were evaluated. Extractions were carried out with Clevenger apparatus and essential oil composition was determined by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Microorganisms used for the antimicrobial studies were Salmonella enterica serovar typhimirium ATCC 14028, Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus ATCC 25923, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis ATCC 911, Bacillus cereus 702 ROMA, Enterobacter aerogenes CCM 2531, Bacillus subtilis IMG 22 and Proteus vulgaris FMC 1. As a result, a total of 29 components were detected in Achillea biebersteinii.  Among them, 1,8-cineole (20.36%), cyclohexanone (8.39%), 2-cyclohexen-1-one (5.38%) and spathulenol (4.19%)  were found as the major components.  For the in vitro antimicrobial activity determination of essential oil, disc diffusion method was used in our study. Furthermore, 12-14 mm zone diameters were detected in antimicrobial activity assay. The highest resistance zone was detected against B. subtilis with 14 mm diameter while the least resistance zone was detected against Y. pseudotuberculosis, E. aerogenes and P. vulgaris with 12 mm diameter. Consequently, it was concluded that the essential oil extracted from the A. biebersteinii grown under Erzincan ecological conditions had an inhibitory effects on the pathogenic microorganisms in used method.