Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a variable etiology clinical syndrome with similar neuroimaging results and clinical symptoms. PRES can develop in both adults and children and is characterized by headaches, disorders of consciousness, seizures and especially focal visual disturbances, often associated with hypertensive state. In most cases, symptoms resolve without neurological consequences. The treatment strategy concerns early diagnosis and general measures to correct the underlying cause of PRES. Here, we report a case of PRES that occurs in a 6-year-old child with nephrotic syndrome.