Case Reports in Ophthalmology (Jul 2014)

Massive Bilateral Serous Retinal Detachment in a Case of Hypertensive Chorioretinopathy

  • Luis Villalba-Pinto,
  • M. Ángeles Hernández-Ortega,
  • F. Javier Lavid de los Mozos,
  • Isabel Pascual-Camps,
  • Rosa Dolz-Marco,
  • J. Fernando Arevalo,
  • Roberto Gallego-Pinazo

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 5, no. 2
pp. 190 – 194


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Introduction: Systemic high blood pressure is related to a variety of retinal manifestations. We present an atypical case of hypertensive chorioretinopathy with massive bilateral serous retinal detachment. Case Report: A 26-year-old male with a genitourinary malformation and secondary grade IV chronic kidney failure as well as high blood pressure complained of acute vision loss. Dilated fundus examination evidenced a bilateral serous retinal detachment with macular involvement. The patient was unresponsive to oral antihypertensive therapy and dialysis treatment. The serous retinal detachment progressively decreased after the restoration of dialysis and antihypertensive therapy. The final visual acuity was 0.50 in both eyes. Discussion: In cases of serous macular detachment, it is mandatory to rule out different systemic and ocular diseases. The presence of uncontrolled high blood pressure may produce aggressive bilateral retinal changes, thus hypertension must be under early and strict control in order to improve the visual outcomes.