Effect of 1,4-naphthoquinone amide derivatives on morphological changes in loach embryos and larvae

Біологічні студії. 2015;9(3–4):79-88 DOI 10.30970/sbi.0903.433

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Біологічні студії

ISSN: 1996-4536 (Print); 2311-0783 (Online)

Publisher: Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка

LCC Subject Category: Science: Biology (General)

Country of publisher: Ukraine

Language of fulltext: English, Ukrainian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


A. Bezkorovayny (Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine)

A. Zyn (Expert Centr of Scientific Researches Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine)

N. Harasym (Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine)

J. Len (National University “Lviv Polytechnicа”, Ukraina)

O. Figurka (National University “Lviv Polytechnicа”, Ukraina)

D. Sanagursky (Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 5 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The article presents the results of effect of new synthesized 1,4-naphthoquinone amide derivatives (FO-1 and FO-2) on morphological changes in loach Misgurnus fossilis L. embryos at early stages of embryogenesis and in larvae treated with these amide derivatives used in 10-3–10-7 M concentration range. The amide derivatives used in 10-3–10-5 M concentrations showed the embryotoxic action, caused deceleration and abnormal development (blastomeres deformation, loss of contact with neighboring germ cells) and further lead to expressed morphological changes in loach larvae. Based on these data, it can be suggested that amide derivatives penetrate the perivitelline membrane of embryos and the plasma membrane of blastomeres. However, embryos and larvae loach cultivation of medium supplemented with amide derivatives in lower 10-6 and 10-7 M concentrations developed normally and hatching process matched up with development time in control. It was found that the presence of morpholine fragment in derivatives of 1,4-naphthoquinone caused more pronounced embryotoxicity comparing with derivatives containing piperidine group. Clarification of the mechanisms of the effect of these drugs on the embryonic cells requires further study.