Quality of surface water related to land use: a case study in a catchment with small farms and intensive vegetable crop production in southern Brazil

Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. 2014;38(2):656-668 DOI 10.1590/S0100-06832014000200030


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Journal Title: Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

ISSN: 0100-0683 (Print); 1806-9657 (Online)

Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

Society/Institution: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

LCC Subject Category: Agriculture: Agriculture (General)

Country of publisher: Brazil

Language of fulltext: English, Portuguese

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Karina Hacke Ribeiro (Universidade Federal do Paraná)
Nerilde Favaretto (Universidade Federal do Paraná)
Jeferson Dieckow (Universidade Federal do Paraná)
Luiz Cláudio de Paula Souza (Universidade Federal do Paraná)
Jean Paolo Gomes Minella (Universidade Federal do Paraná)
Luciano de Almeida (Universidade Federal do Paraná)
Michele Ribeiro Ramos (Universidade Federal do Paraná)


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Time From Submission to Publication: 32 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Water degradation is strongly related to agricultural activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of land use and some environmental components on surface water quality in the Campestre catchment, located in Colombo, state of Parana, Brazil. Physical and chemical attributes were analyzed (total nitrogen, ammonium, nitrate, total phosphorus, electrical conductivity, pH, temperature, turbidity, total solids, biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand and dissolved oxygen). Monthly samples of the river water were taken over one year at eight monitoring sites, distributed over three sub-basins. Overall, water quality was worse in the sub-basin with a higher percentage of agriculture, and was also affected by a lower percentage of native forest and permanent preservation area, and a larger drainage area. Water quality was also negatively affected by the presence of agriculture in the riparian zone. In the summer season, probably due to higher rainfall and intensive soil use, a higher concentration of total nitrogen and particulate nitrogen was observed, as well as higher electrical conductivity, pH and turbidity. All attributes, except for total phosphorus, were in compliance with Brazilian Conama Resolution Nº 357/2005 for freshwater class 1. However, it should be noted that these results referred to the base flow and did not represent a discharge condition since most of the water samples were not collected at or near the rainfall event.