دانش سیاسی (Mar 2020)
Power transition theory and foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Power is the key to understanding many of the ideas of international relations, such as realism. Over the past few decades, significant developments have occurred in the Middle East, And the structure and balance of power have changed at the regional level. Several actors in the region and the international system have become sensitive to this center of power and conflict. The Islamic Republic of Iran is one of the most important actors to closely monitor developments in the region and the international system. And seeks to further promote its geopolitical position in the future of the international order. In order to explain this position and strategic capabilities for the Islamic Republic of Iran, a descriptive-analytical method and a framework for a realistic transition of power theory have been usedAccording to the theory of Power transition, the transfer of power at regional and global level is based on the agreement of superior powers with emerging power, Or with the opposition of the dominant powers to the emerging challenge. The author seeks to answer the key question: What are the most important indicators of the regional and international role of the Islamic Republic of Iran? From this point of view, the question of Iran's resources, goals and capacities in the regional environment has been raised as a preliminary question. The results show that the dominant international actors perceive this transition as in conflict with their interests and power because of the conflicts arising from Iran's emerging power and they use a variety of tools to prevent Iran from increasing its power. Given Iran's motivation to play a global role and to oppose the dominant norms of powerful actors, the context for dealing with it is increasing. The dominant powers employ a variety of tools to prevent the emergence of Iranian power. The most important scenarios for preventing the emergence of Iran are: sanctions, regime change, and the threat of direct and proxy wars.