Ornamental Horticulture (Sep 2021)

Transforming a home refrigerator into a BOD prototype for statice vernalization

  • Paola Ana Buffon,
  • Natalia Teixeira Schwab,
  • Nereu Augusto Streck,
  • Lilian Osmari Uhlmann,
  • Elton Ferreira Lima,
  • Paulo Marcks,
  • Regina Tomiozzo

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1590/2447-536X.v27i4.2401
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 27, no. 4
pp. 575 – 588

Abstract

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Vernalization, natural or artificial, is a physiological requirement of some plants to meet the need for low temperatures for its complete development to occur. The objective of this article is to describe a protocol of transforming a domestic refrigerator into a BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) prototype aimed at vernalizing propagating materials statice crop. The first step is to install a temperature controller to maintain a constant temperature inside the refrigerator (10 °C). Thinking of seedling vernalization, it is still necessary to install a system of lights inside the refrigerator. The control of the time that the lights remain on inside the prototype is carried out by installing a Timer adjusted so that the lights remained on, uninterruptedly, for 10 hours. To test the effective ness of the prototype, an on-farm experiment was carried out with the statice (Limonium sinuatum L.) crop at 5 locations in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The seedlings were vernalized at an internal temperature of 10 °C and photoperiod of 10 hours for 3 weeks. The duration of this experiment was 8 months and at the end of this observed that statice plants were correctly vernalized because the plants emitted flower stems and showed satisfactory development throughout the growing cycle. Therefore, that the adaptation of a domestic refrigerator as a BOD economically viable and easy mounting prototype is possible. Being an excellent alternative to small producers.

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