THE VOLUNTEER MOVEMENT AT GRAAFF REINET (1856-1882)

Scientia Militaria. 2012;3(6) DOI 10.5787/3-6-954

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Scientia Militaria

ISSN: 2309-9682 (Print); 2224-0020 (Online)

Publisher: Stellenbosch University

Society/Institution: Stellenbosch University, Faculty of Military

LCC Subject Category: Military Science

Country of publisher: South Africa

Language of fulltext: English, Afrikaans

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

C.G. Henning

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The history of Graaff Reinet provides the earliest examples of civil defence in South Africa, for it was here that the early settlers established the commando system in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Frontier Wars [1779-81, 1793 and 1799-1803]. Subsequently in the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Frontier Wars, the pattern of civil defence changed considerably when the burghers joined with Imperial forces. Significantly too, but it was a Graaff Reinetter who led the Voortrekkers to victory in 1838 at the Battle of Blood River. However, after 1850 the spirit of militarism was dying a natural death.