Applied Sciences (2021-05-01)

Multi-Step Traffic Speed Prediction Based on Ensemble Learning on an Urban Road Network

  • Bin Feng,
  • Jianmin Xu,
  • Yonggang Zhang,
  • Yongjie Lin

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104423
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 11, no. 4423
p. 4423

Abstract

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Short-term traffic speed prediction plays an important role in the field of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Usually, traffic speed forecasting can be divided into single-step-ahead and multi-step-ahead. Compared with the single-step method, multi-step prediction can provide more future traffic condition to road traffic participants for guidance decision-making. This paper proposes a multi-step traffic speed forecasting by using ensemble learning model with traffic speed detrending algorithm. Firstly, the correlation analysis is conducted to determine the representative features by considering the spatial and temporal characteristics of traffic speed. Then, the traffic speed time series is split into a trend set and a residual set via a detrending algorithm. Thirdly, a multi-step residual prediction with direct strategy is formulated by the ensemble learning model of stacking integrating support vector machine (SVM), CATBOOST, and K-nearest neighbor (KNN). Finally, the forecasting traffic speed can be reached by adding predicted residual part to the trend one. In tests that used field data from Zhongshan, China, the experimental results indicate that the proposed model outperforms the benchmark ones like SVM, CATBOOST, KNN, and BAGGING.

Keywords