Cancer Management and Research (2020-12-01)

The Significance of Platelet–Albumin–Bilirubin (PALBI) Grade in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients Stratified According to Platelet Count

  • Pang Q,
  • Liu S,
  • Wang L,
  • Pan H,
  • Wang C,
  • Zhou L,
  • Lu Y,
  • Liu H

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 12
pp. 12811 – 12822

Abstract

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Qing Pang,1,2,* Shuangchi Liu,1,* Luyao Wang,3,* Huadong Pan,3 Chunfang Wang,3 Lei Zhou,1 Yimin Lu,1 Huichun Liu1 1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui Province 233000, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province 710061, People’s Republic of China; 3Clinical Medical College of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui Province 233000, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Huichun Liu; Yimin LuDepartment of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233000, People’s Republic of ChinaEmail [email protected]; [email protected]: Platelet–albumin–bilirubin (PALBI) has been demonstrated to be superior to conventional Child–Pugh (C-P) grade in evaluating liver function and prognosis of HCC patients. However, both thrombocytosis and thrombocytopenia are unfavorable for HCC survival. The aim of this study was to preliminarily investigate the prognostic value of PALBI in HCC patients with thrombocytopenia and excluding thrombocytopenia.Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed 465 cases of HCC patients who underwent radical surgery. PALBI grade was calculated based on preoperative serological examinations. The primary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), which were assessed by Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression. The prognostic performances of PALBI and other models were estimated by using the concordance index (C-index).Results: During a median follow-up time of 28 months, 31.6% (147/465) of patients died and 33.5% (156/465) experienced recurrence. Multivariate analyses revealed that both thrombocytosis and thrombocytopenia were independently associated with poor OS and RFS compared with normal platelet count (PLT) in HCC patients. Stratified analysis further revealed that PALBI was a significant predictor for HCC survival in patients excluding thrombocytopenia but not in patients with thrombocytopenia. In particular, in HCC patients excluding thrombocytopenia, the combination of tumor size with PALBI (C-index = 0.730, 95% CI: 0.674– 0.786) may be superior to the classical Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) and Cancer of Liver Italian Program (CLIP) staging systems in predicting survival.Conclusion: In conclusion, PALBI grade, in particular the combination with tumor size, is an effective model for discriminating survival in HCC patients excluding thrombocytopenia but not in thrombocytopenic HCC patients.Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, survival, platelet–albumin–bilirubin, platelet count

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