Cancer Management and Research (Jul 2021)

Neutrophil–Lymphocyte Ratio as a Predictive Factor of Growing Malignant Pulmonary Ground-glass Opacity

  • Xue W,
  • Zhang X,
  • Niu Z,
  • Xin Z,
  • Zhang H,
  • Zhao Q,
  • He J,
  • Hu Z,
  • Duan G

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 5651 – 5655


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Wenfei Xue1 1, Xiaopeng Zhang2 2, Zhancong Niu3 3, Zhifei Xin2 2, Hua Zhang2 2, Qingtao Zhao1 12 2, Jie He2 2, Zhonghui Hu2 2, Guochen Duan1 1 1Study Office of Thoracic Surgery, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050017, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, 050000, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Infectious Diseases, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, 050000, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Guochen DuanStudy Office of Thoracic Surgery, Hebei Medical University, No. 361, Zhongshan East Road, Changan District, Shijiazhuang, 050017, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86 13513380703Email [email protected]: The object of the study was to elucidate the relationship between the neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the growth of pulmonary ground-glass opacity (GGO) in stage IA lung adenocarcinoma.Methods: All patients with GGO following surgical procedures were enrolled, with the time of follow-up and the variation tendency of GGO recorded. Meanwhile, laboratory parameters, age, gender, smoking history, histology, tumor size, and stage were recorded. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the value of NLR and the cutoff value was calculated by SPSS 22.0.Results: In the whole cohort, 30 cases of growing GGO and 43 cases of stable GGO undergoing surgical procedures were diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma. There was significant statistical difference between the two groups. Multivariable analysis showed that NLR could predict the GGOs with growth (odds ratio 5.198, 95% confidence interval (95%CI: 1.583– 14.581, P=0.002). Receiver operating characteristics analysis for NLR showed the optimal cutoff value of 2.38, with a sensitivity of 60.0% and specificity of 81.4%.Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the NLR appeared to have value as a promising clinical predictor of GGOs with growth. Further studies are needed to confirm this conclusion.Keywords: neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio, ground-glass opacity, early lung adenocarcinoma