Effect of biofumigation by Calligonum polygonoides, dry olive leaves, and ash of olive leaves on chilli pepper growth and recovery of Rhizoctonia solani

Acta Agriculturae Slovenica. 2018;111(1):41-49 DOI 10.14720/aas.2018.111.1.05

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Acta Agriculturae Slovenica

ISSN: 1581-9175 (Print); 1854-1941 (Online)

Publisher: University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty

Society/Institution: University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty

LCC Subject Category: Agriculture

Country of publisher: Slovenia

Language of fulltext: Slovenian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Ahmed Abdel-Nabi AL-HAMMOURI (Department of Land Management & Environment. Faculty of Natural Resources & Environment. The Hashemite University Zarqa. Jordan)
Salman AL-KOFAHI (Assistant Professor Department of Land Management & Environment)
Jwan IBBINI (Assistant Professor Department of Land Management & Environment)
Shereen ABUSMIER (Hashemite University)
Soum SANOGO (New Mexico State University)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<em>Rhizoctonia solani</em> J.G. Kühn is a serious soilborne pathogen in chilli fields worldwide. This study examined the effect of biofumigation using arta (<em>Calligonum polygonoides </em>L.) and olive (<em>Olea europaea </em>L.) plant material on chilli growth and recovery of <em>R. solani</em> from chilli plants. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions in potted soil amended with no plant material (control) or with plant material from <em>Calligonum and Olea </em>(olive leaves, or ash of olive leaves). Chilli was planted in the amended soils and inoculated with <em>R. solani</em>. Plant height, number of fruits , and frequency of recovery of <em>R. solani</em> from chilli were recorded. Soil amendment with <em>Calligonum</em> plant material resulted in the lowest frequency of recovery of <em>R. solani</em>. Moreover, <em>Calligonum</em> treatment increased dry mass and height of chilli plants compared to other treatments. Also, treatment with olive plant parts inhibited <em>R. solani</em> growth and enhanced growth of chilli compared to the control treatment. Thus, <em>C. polygonoides</em> and <em>O. europaea </em>are potental biofumigant plants to control <em>R. solani</em>.