Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Reduction of Pathological Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adolescents

Bihdād. 2015;4(3):168-175

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Bihdād

ISSN: 1735-6679 (Print)

Publisher: Alborz University of Medical Sciencs

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Medicine (General)

Country of publisher: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Language of fulltext: Persian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

M. Darharaj ( M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran )
A.R. Moradi ( Professor of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran )
J. Hasani ( Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran )
A. Ghaednia Jahromi ( M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran )

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Background: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) on the reduction of the pathological symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in adolescents. Methods: To do so, a total of 12 adolescents with PTSD were selected from one of the quake-stricken cities of eastern Azarbaijan, Heris, based on their scores in the Impact of Event Scale- Revised (IES-R) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and divided into the experimental and control group randomly. The experimental group participated in 10-session CBT, while there was no intervention into the control group. The instruments included IES-R and the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale that were completed by the participants in pre-test, post-test, & follow-up. Results: Analyzing data with mixed ANOVA indicated that CBT has significant effects on the reduction of pathological symptoms of PTSD in all aspects. Conclusion: These results not only confirm the previous findings about CBT effectiveness on symptoms of PTSD, but also emphasize the importance of early interventions in crises to prevent the maintenance of the negative consequences of experiencing traumas, especially in young age groups.