Redox Biology (Jan 2019)

Proteomic analysis of microbial induced redox-dependent intestinal signaling

  • Jason D. Matthews,
  • April R. Reedy,
  • Huixia Wu,
  • Benjamin H. Hinrichs,
  • Trevor M. Darby,
  • Caroline Addis,
  • Brian S. Robinson,
  • Young-Mi Go,
  • Dean P. Jones,
  • Rheinallt M. Jones,
  • Andrew S. Neish

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 20
pp. 526 – 532


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Intestinal homeostasis is regulated in-part by reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are generated in the colonic mucosa following contact with certain lactobacilli. Mechanistically, ROS can modulate protein function through the oxidation of cysteine residues within proteins. Recent advances in cysteine labeling by the Isotope Coded Affinity Tags (ICATs) technique has facilitated the identification of cysteine thiol modifications in response to stimuli. Here, we used ICATs to map the redox protein network oxidized upon initial contact of the colonic mucosa with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG). We detected significant LGG-specific redox changes in over 450 proteins, many of which are implicated to function in cellular processes such as endosomal trafficking, epithelial cell junctions, barrier integrity, and cytoskeleton maintenance and formation. We particularly noted the LGG-specific oxidation of Rac1, which is a pleiotropic regulator of many cellular processes. Together, these data reveal new insights into lactobacilli-induced and redox-dependent networks involved in intestinal homeostasis.