Politica moștenirii culturale în Suedia: tradiții și practici ale unui management eficient

Plural: History, Culture, Society. 2017;5(1):24-70


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Journal Title: Plural: History, Culture, Society

ISSN: 2345-1262 (Print); 2345-184X (Online)

Publisher: Editura ARC

Society/Institution: History and Geography Department, „Ion Creangă” State Pedagogical University

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Eastern Europe

Country of publisher: Moldova, Republic of

Language of fulltext: Russian, English, French, Romanian, German

Full-text formats available: PDF



Musteata, Sergiu („Ion Creanga” Pedagogical State University)


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Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The main goal of the paper is to analyze Swedish cultural heritage preservation policy, legal framework, and management practices. The work is based on the analysis of the legal framework, discussions and interviews with Swedish experts and scientific publications. The study discusses the transition from cultural policy to heritage policy, which makes Sweden one of the few states to have a special heritage policy. The paper presents the responsibilities of institutions in the field of cultural heritage: the Swedish National Heritage Board, the regional administrative councils, the inter- and intra-sectorial collaboration. The Historic Environment Act, which is the main normative act in this field, is analysed in detail. There is a summary of access to information, Data Bases and the communication system in the field of cultural heritage, as well as recent trends in the development of much more efficient Data Bases. Several specific issues, such as the export of cultural goods, the organization, monitoring, and reporting of archaeological surveys, research costs, compensation, and redemption, were also discussed in the study. The article also addresses issues of accountability for heritage crimes, appeals and a special emphasis on illegal archaeology: preventing, combating and punishments. Finally, the heritage police is discussed, a newly created unit under National Police, that deals with natural and cultural heritage crimes. Thus, the paper is a synthetic analysis of the cultural heritage protection system in Sweden, which can be a model for other states as well.