Hospitalisation patterns of patients with interstitial lung disease in the light of comorbidities and medical treatment – a German claims data analysis

Respiratory Research. 2020;21(1):1-9 DOI 10.1186/s12931-020-01335-x

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Respiratory Research

ISSN: 1465-9921 (Print); 1465-993X (Online)

Publisher: BMC

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the respiratory system

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS


Julia Wälscher (Center for Interstitial and Rare Lung Diseases, Pneumology and Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik, University of Heidelberg, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL))

Sabine Witt (Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München (GmbH) - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich (CPC-M), Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL))

Larissa Schwarzkopf (Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München (GmbH) - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich (CPC-M), Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL))

Michael Kreuter (Center for Interstitial and Rare Lung Diseases, Pneumology and Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik, University of Heidelberg, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL))

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 17 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Background Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a heterogeneous group of mainly chronic lung diseases differing in disease course and prognosis. For most subtypes, evidence on relevance and outcomes of hospitalisations is lacking. Methods Using German claims data we investigated number of hospitalisations (zero-inflated-negative-binomial models providing rate ratios (RR)) and time to first hospitalisation (Cox proportional-hazard models providing hazard ratios (RR)) for nine ILD-subtypes. Models were stratified by ILD-related and non-ILD-related hospitalisations. We adjusted for age, gender, ILD-subtype, ILD-relevant comorbidities and ILD-medication (immunosuppressive drugs, steroids, anti-fibrotic drugs). Results Among 36,816 ILD-patients (mean age 64.7 years, 56.2% male, mean observation period 9.3 quarters), 71.2% had non-ILD-related and 56.6% ILD-related hospitalisations. We observed more and earlier non-ILD-related hospitalisations in ILD patients other than sarcoidosis. Medical ILD-treatment was associated with increased frequency and in case of late initiation, earlier (non-)ILD-related hospitalisations. Comorbidities were associated with generally increased hospitalisation frequency except for COPD (RR = 0.90) and PH (RR = 0.94) in non-ILD-related and for lung cancer in ILD-related hospitalisations (RR = 0.89). Coronary heart disease was linked with earlier (ILD-related: HR = 1.17, non-ILD-related HR = 1.19), but most other conditions with delayed hospitalisations. Conclusion Hospitalisations are frequent across all ILD-subtypes. The hospitalisation risk might be reduced independently of the subtype by improved management of comorbidities and improved pharmacological and non-pharmacological ILD therapy.