Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology (2020-07-01)

Efficacy and safety of adalimumab in Chinese patients with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease: results from a randomized trial

  • Baili Chen,
  • Xiang Gao,
  • Jie Zhong,
  • Jianlin Ren,
  • Xuan Zhu,
  • Zhanju Liu,
  • Kaichun Wu,
  • Jasmina Kalabic,
  • Zhuqing Yu,
  • Bidan Huang,
  • Nisha Kwatra,
  • Thao Doan,
  • Anne M. Robinson,
  • Min-Hu Chen

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/1756284820938960
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 13

Abstract

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Background and Aims: Efficacy of adalimumab in Crohn’s disease (CD) has not been shown in China. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab in Chinese patients with CD. Methods: This 26-week, multicenter, phase III study evaluated patients with moderately to severely active CD and elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (⩾3 mg/l) who were naïve to anti–tumor necrosis factor therapy. Patients were randomized to double-blind adalimumab 160/80 mg at weeks 0/2 and 40 mg at weeks 4/6 or placebo at weeks 0/2 followed by blinded adalimumab 160/80 mg at weeks 4/6. At week 8, all patients received open-label 40 mg adalimumab every other week through week 26. The primary endpoint was clinical remission [CD activity index (CDAI) <150] at week 4. Clinical remission at week 26 was assessed in week-8 responders (decrease in CDAI ⩾70 points at week 8 from baseline) and compared with a clinically meaningful threshold of 30%. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded throughout the study. Results: At baseline, 205 patients were enrolled, with mean [standard deviation (SD)] age of 32.9 (9.9) years and CD duration of 2.7 (3.0) years. At week 4, 38/102 patients (37%) receiving adalimumab and 7/103 (7%) receiving placebo ( p < 0.001) achieved clinical remission. Among week-8 responders, 93/144 (65%) achieved clinical remission at week 26 ( p < 0.001). No unexpected AEs and no malignancies, active tuberculosis, or deaths were reported. Conclusions: Adalimumab induced and maintained remission in Chinese patients with CD. Safety results were consistent with the known safety profile of adalimumab. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02499783