Test-retest reliability of a modified International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to capture neighbourhood physical activity

Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2018;13(1):174-187 DOI 10.14198/jhse.2018.131.17


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

ISSN: 1988-5202 (Online)

Publisher: University of Alicante

Society/Institution: University of Alicante, Faculty of Education

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Special situations and conditions: Sports medicine

Country of publisher: Spain

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Levi Frehlich (University of Calgary)

Christine Friedenreich (University of Calgary)

Alberto Nettel-Aguirre (University of Calgary)

Gavin R. McCormack (University of Calgary)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Introduction: Few self-report tools capture neighbourhood physical activity. The aim of our study was to modify a widely-used self-report tool (International Physical Activity Questionnaire – IPAQ) to capture neighbourhood physical activity and estimate the test-retest reliability of these modifications. Material and Methods: Seventy-five adults completed the modified IPAQ twice, 7-days apart, capturing neighbourhood days·week-1 and usual minutes·day-1 of bicycling and walking for transport and leisure, moderate physical activity, and vigorous physical activity. Test-retest reliability was assessed with Intraclass Correlations (ICC), percent of overall agreement and Kappa statistics (κ). Results: Consistency in participation in neighbourhood PA ranged from k = 0.21 for moderate physical activity to k = 0.55 for vigorous physical activity, while proportion of overall agreement ranged from 64.0% for moderate physical activity to 81.3% for bicycling for transportation. ICC for reported neighbourhood PA between the two occasions ranged from ICC = 0.33 for moderate physical activity to ICC = 0.69 for bicycling for transportation for days·week-1, ICC = 0.17 for bicycling for transportation to ICC = 0.48 for walking for leisure for minutes·day-1, and ICC = 0.31 for vigorous physical activity to ICC = 0.52 for walking for leisure for minutes·week-1. Conclusions: With the exception of minutes spent bicycling for transportation, our findings suggest that IPAQ items can be modified to provide reliable estimates of neighbourhood physical activity.