Ritual, rage and revenge in 2 Maccabees 6 and 7

HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies. 2012;68(1):1-5

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies

ISSN: 0259-9422 (Print); 2072-8050 (Online)

Publisher: AOSIS

Society/Institution: Reformed Theological College of the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa, at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Pretoria, Pretoria (South Africa)

LCC Subject Category: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: The Bible | Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Practical Theology

Country of publisher: South Africa

Language of fulltext: English, Dutch; Flemish, Afrikaans

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB, XML

 

AUTHORS

Pierre J. Jordaan

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 15 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The martyrs in 2 Maccabees 6 and 7 have been explored in various ways. In their commentaries on 2 Maccabees, Jan Willem van Henten and Daniel Schwartz proposed that the deaths of the martyrs should be seen as human sacrifices to please the deity. This idea has either been challenged or supported by scholars. This article supported the idea of human sacrifice, and applied the view of Richard DeMaris of the martyr’s deaths as exit rite to the above-mentioned texts. In essence this amounts to ritual critique. The results were surprising, and proved the model of DeMaris as a useful tool to examine rituals. The conclusion was reached that 2 Maccabees 6 and 7 is indeed an exit rite.