Indian Journal of Community Medicine (Jan 2021)

Prevalence and determinants of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women in India: A secondary data analysis

  • Kamalesh Kumar Patel,
  • Rakesh Kumar Saroj,
  • Mukesh Kumar

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 46, no. 3
pp. 434 – 437


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Objective: The present study aimed to identify the determinants of adverse pregnancy outcomes (abortion, miscarriage, and stillbirth) among women aged 15–49 years in India. Methodology: Data for the analysis were taken from the latest survey of the National Family Health Survey 2015–2016. The determinants associated with abortion, miscarriage, and stillbirth among women in the age group of 15–49 years were identified. The analysis was done using adjusted binary logistic regression. Results: The contributory variables such as age, level of education, type of residence, wealth status, caste, religion, body mass index (BMI), and anemia level were found to be significantly associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes was significantly associated with all the selected predictors. Conclusion: This study revealed that high prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was found in India. The association between sociodemographic variables and the pregnancy outcomes are attributed to the fact that there is a lack of availability of fundamental health-care services for young women.