BMC Medical Imaging (2020-02-01)

Adnexal torsion in the third trimester of pregnancy: a case report and diagnostic value of MR imaging

  • Wei Bai,
  • Xiao Xu,
  • Haizhu Xie,
  • Chunjuan Sun,
  • Kaili Che,
  • Meijie Liu,
  • Jing Liu,
  • Yinghong Shi,
  • Heng Ma

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 20, no. 1
pp. 1 – 5


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Abstract Background The torsion of normal adnexa is rare during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester. Nonspecific symptoms and signs as well as the limitations of ultrasound (US) make the diagnosis difficult, resulting in the loss of adnexa and fetal compromise. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of the torsion of normal adnexa are not classically described during pregnancy and only reported in a few cases. We find some different MRI features of the torsion of normal adnexa in late pregnancy and its diagnosis and treatment values are discussed in our report. Case presentation A 27-year-old woman at 31 + 5 weeks’ gestation presented to the emergency department with a three-day history of the left lower abdominal pain. US discovered a mass of 87 × 61 mm in the left abdomen, but did not show whether the mass originated from the left ovary or the uterus. MRI showed the left ovary was increased in size to 82 × 42 × 85 mm with peripheral follicles. On fat-suppressed T2-weighted images, the signal intensity of the lesion was significantly decreased compared with the right ovary. The adjacent fallopian tube was found to be thickened. The radiologists diagnosed ovary infarction secondary to adnexal torsion. With the provisional diagnosis of adnexal torsion, the patient was taken to surgery. The left adnexal torsion was found during surgery. There was extensive hemorrhage and necrosis, so a left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. The histopathology confirmed an extensively hemorrhagic fallopian tube and ovary with partial necrosis. Conclusion We believe MRI is helpful where US is indeterminate in diagnosis of the torsion of normal adnexa in advanced pregnancy. We found that aside from hyperintensity on fat-saturated T1-weighted images, the low signal intensity on T2-weighted images can also reflect adnexal hemorrhage in conjunction with the torsion of normal adnexa.