SELF AND OTHER IN THE PHILOSOPHICAL-RELIGIOUS DISCOURSES OF CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(4):479-487 DOI 10.22363/2313-2302-2017-21-4-479-487

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: RUDN Journal of Philosophy

ISSN: 2313-2302 (Print); 2408-8900 (Online)

Publisher: Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

LCC Subject Category: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: German, Russian, French, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

O V Chistyakova (<p>Российский университет дружбы народов</p>)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The article introduces a philosophical examination of the dichotomy of Self and Other in the contemporary analysis of Christianity and Islam. Reviewing the phenomenon of the Other, the author refers to God as the object and the subject of the relationship “Human - Absolution” at the same time. The author reveals philosophical and religious ideas of the two world religions in the context of the historical development of their theological doctrines. The author discusses shared and specific religious ideas in the religious anthropology and epistemology of Islam and Christianity. Special attention is paid to religious ideas that contribute to the relationship of man and God in the individual’s strive towards achieving the unity with the Absolution. Moral categories of compassion, mercy, forgiveness, mutual understanding are pre-sented as the linking stages among the subject, Self, God, and the Other. The author emphasizes the philo-sophical-anthropological ideas, reflecting the fine line of the relations between the divine and human, when the Other becomes internally inherent, personal, spiritually enlightening the individual Self.