Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology (Dec 2022)

Diurnal changes of the oral microbiome in patients with alcohol dependence

  • Xiangxue Li,
  • Kangqing Zhao,
  • Jie Chen,
  • Zhaojun Ni,
  • Zhoulong Yu,
  • Lingming Hu,
  • Ying Qin,
  • Jingwen Zhao,
  • Wenjuan Peng,
  • Lin Lu,
  • Xuejiao Gao,
  • Hongqiang Sun

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12


Read online

BackgroundSaliva secretion and oral microbiota change in rhythm with our biological clock. Dysbiosis of the oral microbiome and alcohol consumption have a two-way interactive impact, but little is known about whether the oral microbiome undergoes diurnal changes in composition and function during the daytime in patients with alcohol dependence (AD).MethodsThe impact of alcohol consumption on the diurnal salivary microbiome was examined in a case-control study of 32 AD patients and 21 healthy control (HC) subjects. We tested the changes in microbial composition and individual taxon abundance by 16S rRNA gene sequencing.ResultsThe present study is the first report showing that alcohol consumption enhanced the richness of the salivary microbiome and lowered the evenness. The composition of the oral microbiota changed significantly in alcohol-dependent patients. Additionally, certain genera were enriched in the AD group, including Actinomyces, Leptotrichia, Sphaerochaeta and Cyanobacteria, all of which have pathogenic effects on the host. There is a correlation between liver enzymes and oral microbiota. KEGG function analysis also showed obvious alterations during the daytime.ConclusionAlcohol drinking influences diurnal changes in the oral microbiota, leading to flora disturbance and related functional impairment. In particular, the diurnal changes of the oral microbiota may open avenues for potential interventions that can relieve the detrimental consequences of AD.