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Suara-Suara Islam dalam Surat Kabar dan Majalah Terbitan Awal Abad 20 di Minangkabau

Buletin Al-Turas. 2015;21(2):229-242 DOI 10.15408/bat.v21i2.3839

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Buletin Al-Turas

ISSN: 0853-1692 (Print); 2579-5848 (Online)

Publisher: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Society/Institution: Asosiasi Dosen Ilmu Adab (ADIA) Indonesia

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe | Language and Literature

Country of publisher: Indonesia

Language of fulltext: Arabic, English, Indonesian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Sastri Sunarti (Puslitbang Lektur dan Khazanah Keagamaan Badan Litbang dan Pusdiklat Kementerian Agama RI.)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Abstrak Tulisan ini menjelaskan tentang perkembangan pers di Sumatera seperti Palembang, Medan, Sibolga, Padang, dan Kota Raja di Aceh pada paruh kedua abad ke-19. Namun demikian, tulisan ini fokus pada daerah Padang yang menjadi pusat perniagaan yang dikelola oleh orang Eropa (terutama Belanda) dan Tionghoa. Selanjutnya, pada awal abad ke-20, para pengusaha pribumi mulai terlibat dalam bidang percetakan dan penerbitan, seperti surat kabar Alam Minangkerbau (1904), Perserikatan Orang Alam Minangkerbau (OAM) tahun 1911 milik orang pribumi asal Minangkabau. Mulai saat itu usaha di bidang percetakan dan penerbitan semakin berkembang di Sumatra. Usaha ini pun hingga memunculkan berbagai karakter dan kepentingan masyarakat pribumi terutama tentang suara-suara kelompok atau organisasi yang memperjuangkan nasib masyarakat miskin, tertindas, maupun yang kurang mendapatkan pengajaran. Sampai menjelang pertengahan abad ke-20 suara-suara masyarakat semakin tumbuh dan direpresentasikan melalui berbagai media cetak. Banyak yang mengusung tentang pentingnya pendidikan baik umum maupun agama di samping tentang periklanan dari perusahaan-perusahaan perkebunan. Maka dari perkembangan pers inilah tidak sedikit yang mengawali suara nasionalisme bangsa dari berbagai wilayah di Indonesia termasuk dari Sumatera. --- Abstract This article explains about the development of press in Sumatera, such as Palembang, Medan, Sibloga, Padang, and Kota Raja in Aceh in the second half of 19th Century. However, it focuses on Padang as the center of commerce run by European (especially Dutch), and Chinese. In addition, in the beginning of 20th Century, the indigenous petty bourgeoisie involved in printing and publishing sector, such as Alam Minangkerbau newspaper (1904), Perserikatan Orang Alam Minangkerbau (OAM) in 1911 owned by the local people from Minangkabau. Since then, printing and publishing business had been growing in Sumatera. The business brought various characteristics and also local people interests, especially the voices of groups or organization that fought for the poor, the oppressed people, and the ones who were lack of education access. Until the mid of 20th century, the voices of the people was growing and represented through variety of printed media. Many of them carried on the importance of education, both general and religious education, as well as advertising and plantation companies. This development of press brought the voice of nationalism from various region, including Sumatra.