The paper takes up analysis of the concept of human security, and within its framework of the existential security. Then, it attempts to determine the identity of the threats to these sorts of security. The threats assume the shape of the „soft” ones, attacking the sensitive, noetic sphere of human existence which relates to life understanding and explains how it is formed by the great cultural narratives. The dangers often develop in parallel with anxiety and fear – two symptoms that are more and more common and intensive in a contemporary society. The defence of the ultimate meaning that necessarily involves the recognition of God (V.E. Frankl) helps us to avoid the dangers.