Xiehe Yixue Zazhi (Jan 2024)

Management and Development of Health-related Standards in Nations and Organizations: An Evidence-based Review

  • HE Hongfeng,
  • TIAN Qiannan,
  • ZHOU Qi,
  • ZHAO Junxian,
  • SU Renfeng,
  • LI Zhewei,
  • LIU Hui,
  • YANG Nan,
  • CHEN Yaolong,
  • WU Liqun,
  • WANG Xiaohui

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 15, no. 1
pp. 202 – 210


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Objective To promote the development of high-quality health standards in China and summarize the characteristics of global health standards management systems and development processes. Methods We conducted a systematic search of relevant databases and the websites of standardization institutions. A descriptive method was used to analyze the basic characteristics of the standard management systems and development processes. Results The majority of the investigated countries and organizations primarily implement voluntary standards, with the exception of Chinese and the European Committee for Standardization that enforce compulsory standards. All countries and organizations have health standards at the national, group, and enterprise levels. In China and Japan, standards authorities are subordinate to the government, while in other countries or organizations, they operate as independent civil societies. The development process for health standards generally involves five stages: 'Project/Proposal → Draft → Enquiry → Review → Publication'. However, the specific steps in the development of health standards vary across different countries and organizations. Furthermore, China ranks high in the number of both standards and health standards issued, but the proportion of health standards is only 2.06%. Conclusions There are significant differences between China and other countries in terms of the management system and development process of health standards. To promote the management and development of high-quality health standards in China, we recommend promoting the coordination mechanism for standard development, increasing efforts to publicize standards and evaluate the implementation effect, strengthening the construction of personnel for the development of health standards, optimizing the efficiency of standard development and improving the internationalization level of health standards.