Menara Perkebunan (2021-04-01)

The effect of inoculum and glucose addition on polyhydroxyalkanoate production by Brevibacterium sp. B45

  • Diah Ratnaningrum,
  • Een Sri Endah,
  • Akbar Hanif Dawam Abdulah,
  • Vienna Saraswaty,
  • Puspita Lisdiyanti,
  • Eva Frasnawaty,
  • Sri Priatni

DOI
https://doi.org/10.22302/iribb.jur.mp.v89i1.387
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 89, no. 1
pp. 1 – 7

Abstract

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Petroleum-based plastics are the major cause of environmental pollution because the plastics need years to be degraded. The difficulties in handling waste of petroleum-based plastic have motivatedresearchers to produce environmentally friendly plastic materials that are biologically degradable; one of them is polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). Polyhydroxyalkanoate is natural biodegradable biopolymers produced by bacteria as an intracellular carbon and energy storage. This polymer is an alternative source of plastics with similar physical properties to petroleum-based plastic. It can be easily biodegraded aerobically and anaerobically. This study examined the potential of one superior isolate as PHA producers, i.e., Brevibacterium sp. B45. Brevibacterium sp. B45 was cultivated in Ramsay’s minimal medium with inoculum concentrations were 1, 2, and 3% (v/v) and glucose concentrations were 1, 3, and 5% (w/v). The cultivation of Brevibacterium sp. B45 was carried out in a 500 mL Erlenmeyer flask on a shaker incubator with 150 rpm and 30 oC for 72 hours. PHA recovery was carried out by chloroform extraction and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) methods. The highest yield of dried biomass (2.92%) was obtained using 3% inoculum and 3% glucose. The melting temperature (Tm), enthalpy (ΔHf), and crystallinity (Xc) of the PHA product were 172.1 °C, 61.04 J g-1, and 41.08%, respectively. Data of SEM show that a porous surface characterized morphological of purified PHA grains. The functional units of purified PHA grains were C=O, CH3, C-O, C-O-C, C-C, C-H, and -OH. The purified PHA grains show a similar spectrum to the standard Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB). Therefore, it could be assumed that PHA produced by Brevibacterium.

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