PLoS ONE (Jan 2015)

Distinctive features of NREM parasomnia behaviors in parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy.

  • Pietro-Luca Ratti,
  • Maria Sierra-Peña,
  • Raffaele Manni,
  • Marion Simonetta-Moreau,
  • Julien Bastin,
  • Harrison Mace,
  • Olivier Rascol,
  • Olivier David

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 10, no. 3
p. e0120973


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ObjectiveTo characterize parasomnia behaviors on arousal from NREM sleep in Parkinson's Disease (PD) and Multiple System Atrophy (MSA).MethodsFrom 30 patients with PD, Dementia with Lewy Bodies/Dementia associated with PD, or MSA undergoing nocturnal video-polysomnography for presumed dream enactment behavior, we were able to select 2 PD and 2 MSA patients featuring NREM Parasomnia Behviors (NPBs). We identified episodes during which the subjects seemed to enact dreams or presumed dream-like mentation (NPB arousals) versus episodes with physiological movements (no-NPB arousals). A time-frequency analysis (Morlet Wavelet Transform) of the scalp EEG signals around each NPB and no- NPB arousal onset was performed, and the amplitudes of the spectral frequencies were compared between NPB and no-NPB arousals.Results19 NPBs were identified, 12 of which consisting of 'elementary' NPBs while 7 resembling confusional arousals. With quantitative EEG analysis, we found an amplitude reduction in the 5-6 Hz band 40 seconds before NPBs arousal as compared to no-NPB arousals at F4 and C4 derivations (pConclusionsMany PD and MSA patients feature various NREM sleep-related behaviors, with clinical and electrophysiological differences and similarities with arousal parasomnias in the general population.SignificanceThis study help bring to attention an overlooked phenomenon in neurodegenerative diseases.