Aim. Using the interaction of teachers and students as an example, the study shows how the interaction of people has changed in the context of the socio-cultural situation of contemporary Russian society and its influence on some psychological and socio-psychological characteristics of people.Methodology. The first theoretical part of the article contains an analysis of the current socio-cultural situation in Russian society. The second part illustrates the changes currently taking place in the educational space of the school. The study used methods that reflect the characteristics of teachers’ communicative competence and the trust factor. A brief description of the results of studying the features of communicative competence based on trust in professional activity (or lack thereof) among modern teachers is given.Results. The results made it possible to identify six models of teachers’ communicative competence, illustrating the named changes in the relationship between teachers and students. The study showed that empathy and cooperation were gone from the relationship of teachers with students, and adaptation, that is, adaptation to difficult conditions, became the leading strategy of behavior. Teachers were conditionally divided into two groups, one of which is prone to the manifestation of communicative tolerance, and the other, on the contrary, to a complete lack of tolerance in interaction with students. The article compares data obtained through the same study conducted in 2005. The comparison shows changes in the interaction of teachers and students that have occurred over the past 15 years. In 2005, the main trend in the interaction of teachers with students was trust, empathy and cooperation.Research implications. The theoretical significance of the study lies in the identification of the main characteristics of a transitive-turbulent situation: uncertainty of the future, complexity and diversity, multitasking, multiplicity of worlds and crisis and multiplicity of identities. It is shown that the rapidly occurring changes have generated significant social transformations in society. First of all, this concerns the emergence of a new cultural ethics and the formation of a different structure of value orientations among people and, especially, young people. The article also identifies other new psychological and socio-psychological phenomena generated by the modern socio-cultural situation. The practical significance of the article lies in the fact that it clearly shows the change in cultural ethics in the process of interaction of subjects of educational activity in the educational space.