Phenomena Journal (2019-11-01)

Personalità: Neuroscienze, Psicopatologia e Psicoterapia Visione attuale e prospettive future negli studi di ricerca

  • Daniela Iennaco, Lucia Luciana Mosca, Teresa Longobardi, Nicole Nascivera, Alfonso Davide Di Sarno, Enrico Moretto, Yari Mirko Alfano, Carmen Giannetti, Tilde Annunziato, Teresa Amato, Martina Messina

DOI
https://doi.org/10.32069/pj.2019.2.51
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 1, no. 2
pp. 47 – 54

Abstract

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Background: This article analyzes the current conceptualization of the personality construct, in until now prevalently understood in a psychopathological key, through categorical classification systems such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Subsequently, is presented an alternative perspective to the predominant and monolithic one, such as that offered by the Gestalt phenomenological approach: it identifies the constitutive elements of the personality, biological, relational and environmental/social, in order to identify maladaptive personality functioning. In view of a “stratified medicine” system, we support the idea that the need for therapeutic treatments is based on the integration of the current diagnostic-categorical classification systems with a holistic view of the individual is supported. Conclusions: This work aims to supports the phenomenological vision as a theoretical basis for a medium and long-term scientific study of personality, supported by the use of psychometric, biometric and neuroscience tools in the evaluation and treatment phases.

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