Experts’ opinion about the pediatric secondary headaches diagnostic criteria of the ICHD-3 beta

The Journal of Headache and Pain. 2017;18(1):1-11 DOI 10.1186/s10194-017-0819-x


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: The Journal of Headache and Pain

ISSN: 1129-2369 (Print); 1129-2377 (Online)

Publisher: BMC

Society/Institution: European Headache Federation (EHF); Lifting The Burden - The Global Campaign Against Headache

LCC Subject Category: Medicine

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Aynur Özge (Department of Neurology, Mersin University Medical Faculty)

Ishaq Abu-Arafeh (Royal Hospital for Sick Children)

Amy A. Gelfand (UCSF Headache Center and UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Pediatric Brain Center 2330 Post St, 6th Floor)

Peter James Goadsby (NIHR-Wellcome Trust King’s Clinical Research Facility, King’s College London)

Jean Christophe Cuvellier (Division of Paediatric Neurology, Department of Paediatrics, Lille Faculty of Medicine and Children’s Hospital)

Massimiliano Valeriani (Division of Neurology, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù)

Alexey Sergeev (Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, University Headache Clinic, Moscow State Medical University)

Karen Barlow (Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children’s Hospital)

Derya Uludüz (Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Deaprtment of Neurology, İstanbul University)

Osman Özgür Yalın (İstanbul Research and Education Hospital)

Noemi Faedda (Phd program in Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Paediatrics and Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Sapienza University of Rome)

Richard B. Lipton (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, Montefiore Headache Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine)

Alan Rapoport (The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA)

Vincenzo Guidetti (Department of Pediatrics and Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Sapienza University)


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Background The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 was published in a beta version to allow clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Secondary Headache Disorders and Cranial Neuralgias and Other Headache Disorders sections of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0–18 years) and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. Methods Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice. Based on their personal experience and the available literature on pediatric headache, they made observations and proposed suggestions for the mentioned headache disorders on children and adolescents. Results Some headache disorders in children have specific features, which are different from adults that should be acknowledged and considered. Some features in children were found to be age-dependent: clinical characteristics, risks factors and etiologies have a strong bio psychosocial basis in children and adolescents making primary headache disorders in children distinct from those in adults. Conclusions Several recommendations are presented in order to make ICHD-3 more appropriate for use in children.