Comparison of the Effects of Fernald Multi-Sensory and Frostig Visual Perception Methods on Improvement of Reading Performance in Dyslexic Male Students in Hamedan City

Ravānshināsī-i Afrād-i Istis̠nāyī. 2013;3(9):21-32


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Ravānshināsī-i Afrād-i Istis̠nāyī

ISSN: 2252-0031 (Print)

Publisher: Allameh Tabataba'i University Press

Society/Institution: Allameh Tabataba'i University

LCC Subject Category: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology

Country of publisher: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Language of fulltext: Persian

Full-text formats available: PDF



Abolghasem Yaghoubi

Hosein Mohagheghi

Maryam Ghafoori Asar

Khosro Rashid


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

This research aims at studying the effects of Fernald multi-sensory & Frostig visual perception methods on improvement of reading performance in 2nd grade dyslexic male students in elementary schools in Hamedan. The subjects are 45 2nd grade dyslexic male students in elementary schools in Hamedan, out of which 15 students are placed in Fernald multi-sensory experimental group and 15 others in Frostig visual perception experimental group. The remaining 15 students are considered as the control group. The subjects are selected from a population through dyslexia check list based on teachers’ idea. In order to homogenize the groups, Raven's Children IQ Test is used. After performing the pre-test, Multi-sensory experimental group receives Fernald multi-sensory instruction, and the visual perception experimental group receives Frostig visual perception instruction for 10 sessions. However, the control group does not receive any instructions. Falah Chay Reading Test (1995) is administered for the three groups as pre-test and post-test. For data analysis, T-Test and Analysis of Covariance are used. The results show that the groups trained with Fernald multi-sensory and Frostig visual perception methods perform better in reading, comprehending the meaning of sentences and reading performance than the control group. Meanwhile, the group trained with Fernald multi-sensory has a better performance in reading and comprehending the meaning of sentences in comparison with the one receiving the Frostig visual perception method. It can therefore be concluded that the above said methods can improve the reading performance in dyslexic male students, and among these two methods, Fernald multi-sensory method may be applied as the more effective method in improvement of the reading performance in these students.