Background: The Notch signalling pathway has been reported to play a key role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development. Thus, inhibition of the activation of this signalling pathway may be a promising approach to the treatment of RA. In this study, the Notch signalling inhibitor LY411575, which can inhibit both Notch1 and Notch3, was used for the treatment of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Methods: Wistar rats were immunised with bovine type II collagen (CII) to establish rats CIA model. The inhibitory effects of LY411575 on Notch1 intracellular domain (N1ICD) and Notch3 intracellular domain (N3ICD) protein was verified by western blot (WB) in vitro. CIA rats were treated with different doses of LY411575 for 15 and 28 days, respectively. Methotrexate and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) were used as positive and negative (vehicle) control respectively. Destruction of the rat ankle joint and the bone loss on the periarticular side were evaluated by micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT). In addition, destruction of the ankle articular cartilage and the osteoclast numbers were determined by histology. Expression of N1ICD and N3ICD in the ankle joint was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: LY411575 could significantly inhibit the expression of N1ICD and N3ICD in vitro. Micro-CT test showed that the ankle joint destruction significantly improved after treatment with LY411575 (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg, respectively). The bone quality in the LY411575 (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg, respectively) groups were improved compared with the vehicle group. Histological analysis showed that LY411575 (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg, respectively) treatment reduced the severity of ankle joint inflammation in CIA rats (including ankle joint destruction, pannus formation, and cartilage damage) and reduced the expression of N1ICD and N3ICD in CIA rats ankle joints significantly. Conclusion: The inhibitor of Notch signalling LY411575 is an effective treatment for CIA. The translational potential of this article: Our study provides new evidence to support the potential clinical application of Notch signalling pathway inhibitor LY411575 as a drug candidate for the treatment of RA.