Frailty syndrome in the elderly in elderly with chronic diseases in Primary Care

Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP. 53(0) DOI 10.1590/s1980-220x2018002603449

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP

ISSN: 0080-6234 (Print); 1980-220X (Online)

Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Nursing

Country of publisher: Brazil

Language of fulltext: Spanish, English, Portuguese

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML

 

AUTHORS


Ingrid Alves Ribeiro

Luciano Ramos de Lima

Cris Renata Grou Volpe

Silvana Schwerz Funghetto

Tânia Cristina Maria Santa Barbara Rehem

Marina Morato Stival

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 9 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the frailty syndrome in the elderly nursing diagnosis in elderly with chronic diseases of a health district of the Federal District. Method: A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with elderly patients served at the Basic Health Units, who presented arterial hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus. The following were used: a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini-Mental State Examination, anthropometric data, evaluation of sarcopenia (measured by body composition), muscle strength and functional capacity, and the identification of NANDA-I nursing diagnosis. A statistical software was used for data analysis. Results: Participation of 78 elderly people, of which 93.6% of had Impaired memory, 93.6% had Impaired physical mobility, 82.1% had Fatigue, 76.9% had Impaired ambulation, 53.8% had Dressing self-care deficit, 43.6% had Activity Intolerance, 35.9% had Social Isolation, 30.8% had Hopelessness, 29.5% had Feeding self-care deficit, 29.5% had Bathing self-care deficit, 12.8% had Toileting self-care deficit, and 10.3% had Decreased cardiac output. Conclusion: The nursing diagnosis Frailty Syndrome in the Elderly allows a multidimensional view of the elderly. Since one factor can cause health problems in several health fields, nurses must intervene early, plan and implement actions in the short and long term.