Revista da Escola de Guerra Naval (Apr 2022)
BRAZILIAN AND INDIAN MARITIME SECURITY ISSUES: DIFFERENCES IN INFLUENCE-BUILDING APPROACHES
Emerging powers have often employed diverse strategies to gain influence in their regions. This article explores and compares the maritime regional influence-building pro-cesses spearheaded by Brazil and India. We identify geo-political variables that influence the permanence of dis-cursive region-building strategies that involve: sustained interaction with coastal states; the generation of sufficient maritime consciousness/awareness; strategic importance, either in geopolitical or in economic terms; and acceptan-ce of the proposing state’s claim to a leadership role bac-ked by power projection capabilities. These concepts are explored in the contexts of the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, revealing the limits imposed on influence-buil-ding by geopolitical factors.