Physical Activity of Polish and Turkish University Students as Assessed by IPAQ

Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine. 2016;16 DOI 10.18276/cej.2016.4-02


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705 (Print); 2353-2807 (Online)

Publisher: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

Society/Institution: University of Szczecin

LCC Subject Category: Geography. Anthropology. Recreation: Recreation. Leisure: Sports | Medicine: Internal medicine: Special situations and conditions: Sports medicine | Science: Physiology

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Justyna Bednarek (University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland)

Sylwia Pomykała (University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland)

Monika Bigosińska (Department of Physical Education, Institute of Physical Education, State Higher Vocational School, Nowy Sącz, Poland)

Zbigniew Szyguła (Department of Sport Medicine and Human Nutrition, Institute of Human Physiology, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Purpose: We examine physical activity levels of Polish and Turkish students to determine cross-cultural and gender differences in exercise habits. Methods: Our study assessed 50 students from Adnan Menderes University in Aydin, Turkey and 50 students from the University of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ; short form). Results were expressed in MET-minutes/week (Metabolic Equivalent of Task). Results: More than half of the students (52%) engaged in moderate physical activity in the week prior to the survey, while a quarter of the students (37%) engaged in vigorous physical activity. Low levels of physical activity were reported by 11% of the students. Total physical activity per week, expressed in MET-minutes/week, was significantly higher for Polish students (5,953.51 MET) than for Turkish students (3,095.45 MET). Moderate physical activity was higher among Turkish students while vigorous physical activity was higher among Polish students. Physical activity contrasts were further exemplified between genders. Polish women engaged in significantly more (p < 0.05) total physical activity than Turkish women. Total physical activity, high-level physical activity, and moderate-level physical activity differences were not significant (p > 0.05) between Polish and Turkish men. Conclusion: Polish university students engage in more physical activity than students from Turkey. Men were more physically active in both countries. More than half of Turkish students do not meet minimum weekly physical activity the World Health Organization recommends for preserving health.