Energies (Sep 2023)

Enhancing the Power Performance of Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage Systems: The Adoption of Passive, Fractal Supports

  • Giorgio Amati,
  • Sauro Succi,
  • Giacomo Falcucci

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 16, no. 19
p. 6764


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We employ a three-phase thermal lattice Boltzmann model (LBM) to investigate the power performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems based on the exploitation of phase change materials (PCMs). Different passive thermal supports are considered to increase the melting rate, including innovative, fractal, branch-like structures. Our simulations reveal that the adoption of fractal, branch-like metal supports consistently outperforms other configurations in terms of PCM melting rates. These results open the path towards novel strategies to enhance the power performance of PCM-based TES systems, offering potential benefits for energy storage applications.