Nature and Science of Sleep (Nov 2022)

Manuscript Title: A 4-miRNAs Serum Panel for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Screening

  • Mo J,
  • Zeng C,
  • Li W,
  • Song W,
  • Xu P

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 14
pp. 2055 – 2064


Read online

Jianming Mo,* Chao Zeng,* Wei Li,* Weidong Song, Ping Xu Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, 518034, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Ping Xu, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, 1120 Lianhua Road, Shenzhen, 518036, People’s Republic of China, Email [email protected]: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common chronic sleep disorder. OSAS is closely related to cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, cancer risk, and sudden death. This association has special significance in young people. Although it is known that OSAS has a great impact on physical health, it is estimated that 70– 80% of patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS remain undiagnosed. Therefore, a new method for early diagnosis of the disease, the therapeutic effect of OSAS and prevention of complications to important.Methods: A total of 110 patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS diagnosed in the Sleep Disorders Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital were selected. After excluding other diseases, 59 patients were finally selected as the OSAS group. In addition, 60 healthy people were selected as the control group. Serum RNA was then extracted. Eight RNA samples were randomly selected from the two groups for high-throughput miRNA sequencing. The 10 miRNAs with the greatest differences were selected as preselected markers from the results. Then, qRT-PCR was performed on the remaining RNA samples of the two groups to extract and verify the 10 miRNAs, and statistical analysis was performed between groups.Results: A diagnostic panel was constructed by a stepwise logistic regression model combined with the expression data of miRNAs in the validation phase. A four-miRNA panel was identified to better predict OSAS, and the model was calculated using the following formula: Logit (P)= 0.77– 1.65 × miR-486-5p - 4.56 × miR-148a-3p + 1.79 × miR-744-5p + 1.13 × let-7d-3p. The AUC for the four-miRNA panel was 0.955 (95% CI: 0.899 to 0.985; sensitivity = 91.38%, specificity = 91.38%). Gene Ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis was included in bioinformatic analysis.Conclusion: A 4-miRNAs panel as a diagnostic biomarker for OSAS screening is feasible.Keywords: biomarkers, microRNA, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, diagnosis, bioinformatics