Wind Energy Science (Mar 2022)

Dynamic inflow model for a floating horizontal axis wind turbine in surge motion

  • C. Ferreira,
  • W. Yu,
  • A. Sala,
  • A. Viré

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 7
pp. 469 – 485


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Floating offshore wind turbines may experience large surge motions, which can cause blade–vortex interaction if they are similar to or faster than the local wind speed. Previous research hypothesized that this blade–vortex interaction phenomenon represented a turbulent wake state or even a vortex ring state, rendering the actuator disc momentum theory and the blade element momentum theory invalid. This hypothesis is challenged, and we show that the actuator disc momentum theory is valid and accurate in predicting the induction at the actuator in surge, even for large and fast motions. To accomplish this, we develop a dynamic inflow model that simulates the vorticity–velocity system and the effect of motion. The model's predictions are compared to other authors' results, a semi-free-wake vortex ring model, other dynamic inflow models, and CFD simulations of an actuator disc in surge. The results show that surge motion and rotor–wake interaction do not result in a turbulent wake or vortex ring state and that the application of actuator disc momentum theory and blade element momentum theory is valid and accurate when applied correctly in an inertial reference frame. In all cases, the results show excellent agreement with the higher-fidelity simulations. The proposed dynamic inflow model includes a modified Glauert correction for highly loaded streamtubes and is accurate and simple enough to be easily implemented in most blade element momentum models.