The purpose of the articles is to present the basic assumptions of civil liability of the personal data controller and the processor in the light of the General Regulation on the Protection of Personal Data. As a reference point of this discussion, the legal status applicable prior to May 25, 2018 was adopted. Particular attention was paid to the issue of the liability regime, showing on the basis of the analysis primarily the provisions of the GDPR and the draft of the Polish act on the protection of personal data; arguments confirming the thesis that the administrator’s and processor’s liability is based on the unlawfulness of the infringement, and not the guilt of these entities. In the following, the premises of civil liability were reconstructed according to GDPR, and shortly discussed detailed provisions of the GDPR. In the final part, the author presents his reflections on the provision of the draft Polish law, which is to specify the civil liability of the administrator and processor.